Scales and Arpeggios

A musical performance of scales is required. To be played from memory in all grades.

Touch

See appropriate Grade.

Bellows Control

Each scale or arpeggio should be played ascending with the bellows opening and descending with the bellows closing.

Tempo

The metronome – mark indicated is the approximate tempo acceptable for each particular grade.

Pieces

The pieces contained in the syllabus for the grade are the only pieces accepted for the examination. Repeats are not required unless they are essential to the form of the pieces. An alternative piece/s may be used if submitted at the time of Entry and approved by the Board of Administration.

  • A 48 bass accordion with 26 or less piano-keys is regarded as unsuitable for Examinations beyond Grade 2.
  • A  72 bass accordion with 34 piano-keys is regarded as unsuitable for Examinations beyond Grade 5.

Pre Preliminary

Scales and Arpeggios.(5 marks)

To play on the treble keyboard, the major scales of C and G one octave ascending and descending.  (approx. tempo MM=50, two notes per beat).
Touch: Legato.

Pieces (25 marks)

Candidates must select ONE set of exercises and TWO pieces from the following list.
The pieces should have different Time Signatures .

Exercises
Any two right hand studies from p3 and No 4 & 5, p5 (Left hand) F.Wright Charnwood
Eight Studies for the Beginner Accordionist (Nos 1, 2, 3 & 4) R.Wright Charnwood
Pieces
Ally the Alligator – Animal Farm (either version) * G.Laurie Musical Pages
Cleo the Cat – Animal Farm (either version) * G.Laurie Musical Pages
Eight Studies for the Beginner Accordionist No 5 R.Wright Charnwood
Eight Studies for the Beginner Accordionist No 7 R.Wright Charnwood
Hot and Cold H.Hinchcliffe Charnwood
Light and Dark H.Hinchcliffe Charnwood
Lo  – Preliminary Accordion H.Hinchcliffe Charnwood
Nemo – Primary Course for Accordion F.Wright Charnwood
Oranges and Lemons – Primary Course for Accordion F.Wright Charnwood
Polly Put the Kettle On – Primary Course for Accordion F.Wright Charnwood
Push N Bucks  – Preliminary Accordion H.Hinchcliffe Charnwood
Rosies Waltz – Preliminary Accordion H.Hinchcliffe Charnwood
Sur Le Pont- Primary Course for Accordion F.Wright Charnwood
The Small Snowman G.Laurie Musical Pages
When the Saints  – Preliminary Accordion H.Hinchcliffe Charnwood
* These pieces are suitable for Free Bass Accordion

Sight Reading (10 marks)

To locate single notes on the treble keyboard, written as semibreves, natural notes only, ranging from middle C to G above the stave.
To play a rhythm-pattern on one note, treble keyboard only, containing crotchet, minim and semibreve notes in 4/4 time only.

Aural Tests (10 marks)

To state which is the higher in pitch of two notes sounded in succession.
To state which is the longer in value of two notes sounded in succession.
To clap a time-pattern after it has been given twice.
To sing, hum or whistle a note played twice by the examiner (range – middle C up to clef-line G)

Grade 1 Primary

Sight Reading and Arpeggios (20 marks)

To play two octaves, ascending and descending, on the treble keyboard:.
The major scales and arpeggios of C.
To play one octave, ascending and descending, on the treble keyboard
The major scales and arpeggios of G, D and F.
(Approx. tempo: MM = 66, two notes per beat). Touch: legato or staccato, as requested by the examiner.

Pieces (20 marks each piece)

Candidates must select THREE pieces from the following List.
Candidates must present a balanced programme of their choice of the three pieces.
The programme must show a range of contrast in Style, Character and Tempo

A Little Game H.Benton Charnwood
A Pleasant Memory  – Young Player Bk 1* E.Harris Charnwood
Applecore D.Ward Charnwood
Avenues – Musical Routes D.Ward Charnwood
Banana Split H.Benton Charnwood
Chit Chat * G.Brannelli Charnwood
Crab Cakes D.Ward Charnwood
Crackpot D.Ward Charnwood
Dandy Waltz D.Ward Charnwood
Evensong at St Andrew’s – Musical Moments from the Yorkshire Dale’s * H.Hinchcliffe Charnwood
Gay Galop – Little Dance Suite G.Romani Charnwood
Lullaby – Two selected pieces L.A.Grace Charnwood
Mini Mo * H.Benton Charnwood
Musette – Accordion Progression Book 1 J.Draeger Helbling
Picking Edelweiss – Tyrolean Sketches K.Broadhead Charnwood
Puffing Billy R.Wright Charnwood
Romantic Moon- Mainly Under the Fingers F.Parnell Charnwood
Scoobie T.Fraser Charnwood
Sleigh Bells G.Laurie Musical pages
Spring Cuckoo – Mainly under the Fingers F.Parnell Charnwood
The Cracoe Waltz – Musical Moments from the Yorkshire Dale’s H Hinchcliffe Charnwood
The Dancing Bear * G.Brannelli Charnwood
The Hellifield Polka  – Musical Moments from the Yorkshire Dale’s H.Hinchcliffe Charnwood
The Princess Waltz H.Benton Charnwood
Withybrook Waltz  * L.A.Grace Charnwood
Windmill Waltz R.Wright Charnwood
* These pieces are suitable for Free Bass Accordion

Sight Reading. (10 marks)
To play on both keyboards – with hands moving separately simple passages of approximately 8 bars in 2/4, 3/4 and 4/4 time, using semibreve, dotted minim, minim and crotchet notes only. These will use the first five notes of the major scales of C & G (treble) and C, G, and F bass notes and major chords written without chord symbols.

Aural Tests. (10 marks)
To state which is the higher in pitch of two notes sounded in succession.
To sing, hum or whistle a note played twice by the examiner (range Middle C up to Treble Clef line G)
To clap or tap a time-pattern of a simple melody of four bars in length after it has been played twice by the examiner, and to state whether it is in Simple Duple or Simple Triple time.
To recognise a rhythmic change in a two-bar phrase played twice by the examiner, with the change being made in the second playing. Candidates will be required to recognise and tap or describe the change.

Grade 2 Secondary

Scales and Arpeggios. (20 marks)

To play two octaves, ascending and descending, on the treble keyboard:
The major scale and arpeggio of C.
To play one octave, ascending and descending, on the treble keyboard:
The major scales and arpeggios of D, F and Bb.
The minor scales and arpeggios of A, E and D (harmonic or melodic at candidate’s choice).
To play one octave, ascending and descending, on the bass keyboard
The major scales and arpeggios of C, G and F.
(App. tempo: MM = 76, two notes per beat). Touch: legato or staccato, as requested by the examiner.

Pieces (20 marks each piece)

Candidates must select THREE pieces from the following List.
Candidates must present a balanced programme of their choice of the three pieces.
The programme must show a range of contrast in Style, Character and Tempo

A Cool Thing D.Ward Charnwood
A Merry March -Young Player Vol 2 E.Harris Charnwood
Abbadabba One D.Ward Charnwood
Alpine Yodel – Young Player Vol 2 E.Harris Charnwood
Autumn Evensong – Mainly under the Fingers * F.Parnell Charnwood
Bolton by Bowland Reel – Musical Moments from the Yorkshire Dale’s H.Hinchcliffe Charnwood
Caribbean Holiday F.Da Caprio Charnwood
Chucky Ducky Polka K.Broadhead Charnwood
Doubly Bubbly D.Ward Charnwood
Easdale Waltz J.F.MacIntyre Charnwood
Gateway to the Dales – Musical Moments from the Yorkshire Dale’s H.Hinchcliffe Charnwood
Joy – Mainly under the Fingers F.Parnell Charnwood
Jumping Bean Polka K.Broadhead Charnwood
Miniature March L.A.Grace Charnwood
Minuet * J.S.Bach /  Benton Charnwood
Minuet and Trio – Mainly under the Fingers F.Parnell Charnwood
Petite Concert – Accordion Progression Bk 1 J.Draeger Helbling
Petite Blue Waltz F.Parnell Charnwood
Pony Trot * F.Parnell Charnwood
Royal Gavotte G.Romani Charnwood
Springtime March G.Romani Charnwood
String of Pearls * F.Da Caprio Charnwood
Sweet Lavender Waltz D.Smith Charnwood
Swiss Miss F.Dunn Charnwood
Tartan Ribbons K.Broadhead Charnwood
Up and down the Stairs G.Laurie Musical Pages
* these pieces are suitable for Free Bass accordion

Sight Reading. (10 marks)
To play on both keyboards, with hands moving separately simple passages in 2/4, 3/4, and 4/4 time, using accidentals F#, C#, and Bb (treble) in five finger position and C, G, D and F (bass) notes and major chords written without chord symbols.

Aural Tests. (10 marks)
To sing, hum or whistle a sequence of three diatonic notes played twice by the examiner in a major key, the tonic chord first having been sounded
To identify the interval sounded above the tonic of the major scale as the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, or 5th degree. The tonic chord will be sounded first.
To clap or tap a time-pattern of a simple melody of four bars in length after it has been played twice by the examiner, and to state whether it is in Simple Duple or Simple Triple time.
To recognise a rhythmic change in a two-bar phrase played twice by the examiner, with the change being made in the second playing. Candidates will be required to recognise and tap or describe the change.

Grade 3 Elementary

Scales and Arpeggios. (20 marks)

To play two octaves, ascending and descending, on the treble keyboard:
The major scales and arpeggios of G, A, Bb and Eb.
The minor scales and arpeggios of A, E and D (harmonic or melodic at candidate’s choice).
To play two octaves, ascending and descending, on the bass keyboard:
The major scales and arpeggios of G and D.
To play one octave, ascending and descending, on both keyboards together
The major scale and arpeggio of C.
(App. tempo: MM = 88, two notes per beat). Touch: legato or staccato, as requested by the examiner.

Pieces (20 marks each piece)

Candidates must select THREE pieces from the following List.
Candidates must present a balanced programme of their choice of the three pieces.
The programme must show a range of contrast in Style, Character and Tempo

Cargen Lodge G.Laurie Charnwood
Cher Amis K.Broadhead Charnwood
Clog Dance K.Broadhead Charnwood
Evening Calm – The Young Player Vol 2 * E.Harris Charnwood
Gallant Gavotte D.Smith Charnwood
Greensleeves H.Hinchcliffe Charnwood
Gruss Aus Wien G.Crossman Charnwood
Heidi W.Farran Charnwood
Kevana K.Harling Charnwood
Kindermarsch F.Wright Charnwood
Miss Yvonne Laurie G.Laurie Charnwood
Musette Musicale K.Harling Charnwood
Naughty Monkey D.Ward Charnwood
Petite Suite * G.Vasco Kestrel
Ragamuffin F.Parnell Charnwood
Romance – Accordion Progression Book 1 J.Draeger Helbling
Song without Words – Young Player Vol 2 E.Harris Charnwood
Strathspey – Glenlogan E.Lusk Charnwood
Sweet Coffee Samba E.Lusk Charnwood
Swinging Safari F.Parnell Charnwood
The Cuckoo Clock Polka K.Broadhead Charnwood
Timeshare K.Farran Charnwood
Tyrolean Breezes G.Romani Charnwood
Tyrolienne Masquerade K.Harling Charnwood
Valse Continentale G.Romani Charnwood
* these pieces are suitable for Free Bass Accordion

Sight Reading. (10 marks)
To play on both keyboards together Simple passages of about eight bars, in simple time, in C, G, D and F majors.

Aural Tests. (10 marks)
To sing, hum or whistle a sequence of four notes played twice by the examiner in a major key, the tonic chord first having been sounded.
To clap or tap a time-pattern of a melody of four bars in length after it has been played twice by the examiner, and to state whether it is in Simple Duple or Simple Triple time.
To identify the interval sounded above the tonic of the major scale as the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, or 5th Degree. The tonic chord will be sounded first.
To recognise a rhythmic or melodic change in a four-bar phrase played twice by the examiner, with the change being made in the second playing. Candidates will be required to recognise and tap, sing or describe the change.

Grade 4 Transitional

Scales and Arpeggios. (20 marks)

To play two octaves, ascending and descending, on both keyboards together: The major scales and arpeggios of C, D and Bb.
To play two octaves, ascending and descending, on the treble keyboard:
The minor scales and arpeggios of A, B and G (harmonic or melodic at candidate’s choice).
The chromatic scale beginning on C.
To play one octave, ascending and descending, on the bass keyboard: The minor scale and arpeggio of A (harmonic or melodic at candidate’s choice)
. (App. tempo: MM = 104, two notes per beat). Touch: legato or staccato, as requested by the examiner.

Pieces (20 marks each piece)

Candidates must select THREE pieces from the following List.
Candidates must present a balanced programme of their choice of the three pieces.
The programme must show a range of contrast in Style, Character and Tempo

Accordion Tarantella P.Towse Charnwood
Alpine Swallows D.Watson Charnwood
Asdfghjkl D.Ward Charnwood
Bella Maria – 5 Divertiment for Accordion F.Wright Charnwood
Belle Sourire K.Broadhead Charnwood
Cavalleta K.Broadhead Charnwood
Exaggeration Waltz D.Ward Charnwood
Fete Villegeois F.Parnell Charnwood
Hochzeit Landler B.Maroc Charnwood
La Vida Brava S.Coppard Charnwood
Louise (Valse Musette) H.Hinchcliffe Charnwood
Mazurka Capricco F.Parnell Charnwood
Mon Petit Enfant G.Laurie Musical Pages
Morgenrote – Album fur die Jugend * A.Schmykow Schmulling
Musette Facile F.Wright Charnwood
Picnic Time in Bavaria G.Romani Charnwood
Polka Italienne J.Blair Charnwood
Postlude – Work & Play Book 2  * G.Romani Charnwood
Tango Di Eva-Lena G.Laurie Musical Pages
Tanz der Engel – Album fur die Jugend * A.Schmykow Schmulling
The Helter Skelter W.Farran Charnwood
The Merry Musicians G.Romani Charnwood
The Wizards’ Waltz S.Coppard Charnwood
Valse Folklorique J.Draeger Helbling
Waltz for Wendy K.Farran Charnwood
You & I E.Lusk Charnwood
* these pieces are suitable for Free Bass Accordion

Sight Reading. (10 marks) 
To play on both keyboards together simple passages in Simple or Compound time (6/8 only) in major Keys ranging from two sharps to two flats.

Aural Tests. (10 marks) 
To sing, hum or whistle a short melodic phrase played twice by the examiner in a major key, the tonic chord first having been sounded
To sing, hum or whistle the upper or lower note of a consonant interval played harmonically.
To state whether a melody played twice by the examiner is in Simple Duple, Simple Triple or Simple Quadruple time.
To identify the interval sounded above the tonic of the major or minor scale as the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, or 5th. Degree. The tonic chord will be sounded first.
To recognise a rhythmic or melodic change in a four-bar phrase played twice by the examiner, with the change being made in the second playing. Candidates will be required to recognise and tap, sing or describe the change.

Grade 5 Intermediate

Scales and Arpeggios. (20 marks)

To play two octaves, ascending and descending, on both keyboards together:
The major scales and arpeggios of C, G, A, E, F and Eb.
The minor scales and arpeggios of A, E and D (harmonic or melodic at candidate’s choice).
To play two octaves, ascending and descending, on either keyboard separately:
The chromatic scale beginning on C.(App. tempo: MM = 108, two notes per beat). Touch: legato or staccato, as requested by the examiner.

Pieces (20 marks each piece)

Candidates must select THREE pieces from the following List.
Candidates must present a balanced programme of their choice of the three pieces.
The programme must show a range of contrast in Style, Character and Tempo

Abend in der Puzta W.Bernau M Hohner
Andantino * Kozeluh / Bishop Charnwood
Chevaux de Bois K.Broadhead Charnwood
Chiquita (Paso Doble) F.Wright Charnwood
Corinne C.Camilleri MAP
El Choclo (Tango) Villodo / Romani Charnwood
Florita R.Willis Charnwood
Iain Crichton of Lewis – 7 original Scottish Compositions G.Laurie Musical Pages
Julie J.Hangar Charnwood
La Poupee de Valse F.Caprio Charnwood
Las Fallas G.Crossman charnwood
Lynnette C.Pasby Charnwood
Marcha Espanola G.Crossman Charnwood
Moonshadow D.Ward Charnwood
Morris Minor D.Ward Charnwood
Mrs Iris Laurie  – 7 original Scottish Compositions G.Laurie Musical Pages
Nice N Easy E.Lusk Charnwood
Omaggio a Bach J.Oppenheimer Berben
Paris Accordeon A.Delroy Charnwood
Partita Piccola mvt 2* T.Lundquist M Hohner
Pavements of Paris K.Harling Charnwood
Pink Panthers Brother – Album fur die Jugend * A.Schmykov Schmulling
Seven over Eight D.Ward charnwood
House of Fun S.Coppard Charnwood
Upside Down Polka D.Ward Charnwood
Valse Classique G.Romani Charnwood
* these pieces are suitable for Free Bass Accordion

Sight Reading. (10 marks)
To play on both keyboards together pieces in keys up to and including three sharps or three flats.

Aural Tests. (10 marks 
To sing, hum or whistle one, or all in succession, of three notes played harmonically. These will form major or minor chords in root position.
To state whether a melody played twice by the examiner is in Simple Duple, Triple or Quadruple time
To identify any degree of the major or harmonic minor scale after the tonic chord and the tonic note have first been sounded.
To identify certain features of a piece played by the examiner. The features will be confined to contrasted dynamics, change in tone, articulation, recognition of tempo changes and recognition of major and minor tonality, of which the examiner will select one or two and advise the candidate accordingly before playing the piece. Candidates are encouraged to use Italian terms in their answers where appropriate.

Grade 6 Senior

Scales and Arpeggios. (20 marks)

To play two octaves, ascending and descending, on both keyboards together:
The major scales and arpeggios of D, E, Bb and Ab in similar motion and of C in contrary motion.
The harmonic minor scales and arpeggios of A, B and G.
The melodic minor scales and arpeggios of A, E and D.
The chromatic scales on C.
(App. tempo: MM = 112, two notes per beat). Touch: legato or staccato, as requested.

Pieces (20 marks each piece)

Candidates must select THREE pieces from the following List.
Candidates must present a balanced programme of their choice of the three pieces.
The programme must show a range of contrast in Style, Character and Tempo

Abacus D.Ward Charnwood
Anastasia Wendy J.Farran Charnwood
Ballet of the Puppets – Album fur die Jugend * A.Schmykov Schmulling
Brasileria G.Crossman Charnwood
Brief Prelude Graham Romani Charnwood
Caister Capers K.Farran Charnwood
Cavalina Mia G.Crossman Charnwood
Czardas Roumaine Henry Minay Charnwood
Das Spiel Der Drehorgak * A.Nagajew Schmulling
Festival March F.Wright Charnwood
Into the Spice Market D.Ward Charnwood
L’Arc en Ciel K.Broadhead Charnwood
Romance – Romance & Rondo * G.Romani Bosworth
Rondo alla Zingarese F.Parnell Charnwood
Serenata Toselli / G.Romani Charnwood
Song of Rest * T.Pitfield Charnwood
Sunset Tango K.Broadhead Charnwood
The Magic Carpet K.Broadhead Charnwood
Valse Angelique G.Romani Charnwood
Valse Romantique G.Romani Charnwood
Zigeuner Suite Mvts 2 &3 W.Bernau M Hohner
* these pieces are suitable for Free Bass Accordion

Sight Reading. (10 marks) 
To play on both keyboards together pieces in keys up to and including three sharps and three flats.

Aural Tests (10 marks) 
To sing, hum or whistle one, or all in succession, of three notes played harmonically. These will form major or minor chords in root position or either inversion.
To state whether root position triads are major, minor, diminished or augmented.
To recognise root position cadences in major or minor keys as perfect or plagal.
To identify certain features of a piece played by the examiner. The features will be confined to contrasted dynamics, change in tone, articulation, recognition of tempo changes and recognition of major and minor tonality, of which the examiner will select one or two and advise the candidate accordingly before playing the piece. Candidates are encouraged to use Italian terms in their answers where appropriate.

Grade 7 Advanced

Scales and arpeggios. (20 marks)

To play two octaves, ascending and descending, on both keyboards together:
In similar and contrary motion, the major scales and arpeggios of A, B, F#, F, Ab and Db.
In similar motion, the harmonic minor scales and arpeggios of E, F#, D and C.
In similar motion, the melodic minor scales and arpeggios of B, C#, G and F.
In similar motion, the chromatic scales on C, D and Bb.
(App. tempo: MM = 126, two notes per beat). Touch: legato or staccato, as requested by the examiner.

Pieces (20 marks each piece)

Candidates must select THREE pieces from the following List.
Candidates must present a balanced programme of their choice of the three pieces.
The programme must show a range of contrast in Style, Character and Tempo.

Allegro Fiocco / Carter Charnwood
Bel Viso P.Frosini MAP
Bouree Musette & Sombre Saraband – Work & Play 111 G.Romani Charnwood
Czardas  F.Fugazza MAP
Espana (Bellows shake optional) Waldteufel / Romani Charnwood
Fantasie in la Minore F.Da Caprio Charnwood
Flight of the Bumblebee Korsakov / Romani Charnwood
Hellzapopping L.Fancelli Berben
Le Coucou Daquin / Romani Charnwood
Rhapsidium for a Rainy Day D.Ward Charnwood
Romanesque A.Delroy Charnwood
Russian Dance G.Schenderjow Schmulling
S’il Vous Plait – Album No 1 * A.Piazzolla Universelles
Sonata in F minor, K69, L382 * D.Scarlatti Peters Edition
Spanish Gypsy Dance Marquina / Crossman Schauer & May
Subterfuge D.Ward Charnwood
Suite pour Enfants – No 1 Mvts 1, 2 & 5 * V.Zolotaryov Schmulling
Suite pour Enfants – No 2 Mvts 1 & 3 * A.Nagayev Schmulling
Summertime G.Gershwin / J Emblow Cheltone Music
Valse Acrobatique G.Crossman Charnwood
Vive Musette A.Delroy Charnwood
* these pieces are suitable for Free Bass Accordion

 

Sight Reading. (10 marks) 
To play on both keyboards together pieces in keys up to and including four sharps and four flats.

Aural Tests. (10 marks)
To sing, hum or whistle one, or all in succession, of three notes played harmonically. These will form major or minor triads in root position or either inversion and to state the position of each chord played.
To state whether triads played on the treble keyboard are major, minor, diminished or augmented.
To state whether root position cadences in major or minor keys are perfect, plagal, imperfect (I-V, IV-V only) or interrupted. The tonic chord will be sounded before each cadence.
To answer questions on the features of a piece played by the examiner, including the general perception of form, texture and style, of which the examiner will select one or two and advise the candidate accordingly before playing the piece. Candidates will be expected to use Italian terms in their answers where appropriate.

Grade 8 Final

Scales and arpeggios. (20 marks)

To play two octaves, ascending and descending, on both keyboards together:
In similar and contrary motion, the major scales and arpeggios of G, E, F#, F, Ab and Db.
In similar motion, the harmonic minor scales and arpeggios of B, C#, G, F and Bb.
In similar motion, the melodic minor scales and arpeggios of E, F#, G#, D and C.
In similar motion, the chromatic scales on F, Ab and E.
(App. tempo: MM = 138, two notes per beat).
Touch: legato or staccato, as requested by the examiner.

Pieces (20 marks each piece)

Candidates must select THREE pieces from the following List.
Candidates must present a balanced programme of their choice of the three pieces.
The programme must show a range of contrast in Style, Character and Tempo

Acquarelli Cubani L.Fancelli Berben
Adios Nonino Piazzolla / Guzzini Berben
Bats at sunset P.Frosini MAP
Boutique Overture D.Ward Charnwood
Classical Sonatina Mvts 1 & 2 G.Romani Charnwood
Czardas V.Monti Ricordi
Dance Orientale F.Fugazza MAP
Danza Di Gnoma F.Fugazza Berben
Impressions of Spain   (Zapeteado, Cumbia & Paso Doble only) G.Barton Charnwood
Jota * W.Jacobi Charnwood
Largo al Factotum Rossini arr C. Bishop Charnwood
Pasacaglia (FB or SB) * Handel arr Tollefsen Kestrel
Prelude & Fugue In A minor G.Barton Charnwood
Preludio A.Volpi Berben
Sonata in D, K288, L57  * Scarlatti Peters Edition
Sonatina Piccola * T.Lundquist M Hohner
Suite for Accordion * A.Hovhaness Peters Edition
Toccata A.Repnikov Schmulling
Vivo J.Gart MAP
Weeping Willow and Thistle – Botany Play * T.Lundquist Waterloo
Wind in the Reeds & Chorale Meditato from Work & Play Vol 3 G.Romani Charnwood
* these pieces are suitable for Free Bass accordion

Sight Reading. (10 marks) 
To play on both keyboards together, pieces in keys ranging from five sharps and five flats.

Aural Tests. (10 marks) 
To sing, hum or whistle an answering -phrase of four bars after a fore-phrase has been given twice by the Examiner, preceded by the tonic chord.
To state whether triads played on the treble keyboard are major, minor, diminished or augmented.
To state whether root position cadences in major or minor keys are perfect (V-I, V7-I), plagal, imperfect (I-V, II-V, IV-V or VI-V) or interrupted. The tonic chord will be sounded before each cadence.
To answer questions on the features of a piece played by the examiner, including the general perception of form, texture and style, of which the examiner will select one or two and advise the candidate accordingly before playing the piece. Candidates will be expected to use Italian terms in their answers where appropriate.